Hapiness is a warm gun
Feudal kingdom of the Himalayas, the last stronghold of Mahayana Buddhism, independent since 1947, wedged between China and India, with nearly 800 thousand inhabitants, grounded in an economy based on agriculture, livestock, forestry extraction and sale of hydropower to India and society simultaneously patriarchal and matriarchal, where the member who has the highest esteem is considered the head of the family, Bhutan, inventor of the concept of «Gross National Happiness» (GNH), occupies 8th place in the Worl Map of Happiness and 13 of the World Colour-Coded HPI.
Swept by a wave of modernity imposed by its secular leader, became a case study for economists, psychologists, anthropologists and sociologists: resist the «Kingdom of the Thunder Dragon» and its GNH winds of modernity and democratic self-imposed and cumbersome and increasing contestation of its 125 000 «illegal immigrants»?
The Kingdom of Bhutan, also known as’ The Last Shangrila ‘, started in recent years, but cautiously intentional, an opening to the world: in 1999 the television, including foreign cable was authorized. Then came the Internet and the government faces the same chance to join the World Trade Organization since, according to the World Bank , Bhutan in the coming years should register a growth of two digits: the income per capita of Bhutan lies in 1300 USD and is today one of the fastest growing economies in the entire South Asia
The government has invested in the modernization of the realm, steadily implementing the areas of health, education and exploration of its only abundant natural resource: the water runs down the slopes of the Himalayas that serves to feed hydroelectric plants, supplying the energy needs of the kingdom, and still export most of the energy for India, exports supported by a national hydropower plan as ambitious as profitable.
Based on these investments social indicators skyrocketed in recent decades: the infant mortality rate was reduced and the indicators of school success and attendance grew visibly. The industry however still virtually nonexistent but tourism is taking its first steps, while tourists continue to be escorted when moving from resort to resort.
It turns out however that the King Jigme Singye Wangchuck after having created and implemented in 1972 the revolutionary concept of » Gross National Happiness «(GNH), which makes Bhutan the only country in the world to measure the happiness of its citizens, bet at the end one of the 80 ethnic purge embodied in the maxim » one nation, one people «, gave some of his powers to the prime minister in 2005 and pushed through a new constitution , transforming the absolute monarchy into a constitutional monarchy, democratizing the country.
The King now wants to abdicate the throne in favor of his son, Prince Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck , call elections in 2008 , in an unprecedented move with which unbelievers and forced their reluctant subjects to form political parties to compete in elections and thus establish Parliamentary Democracy in Bhutan one … by royal decree.
By express wish of His Majesty the citizens were «invited» to form four parties to train the exercise of their democratic rights and conduct a simulation-training for democratic elections : the «Druk Blue» that promised to fight corruption and implement care free health care and education, «Druk Red» that promised industrialization, «Druk Green» which advocated economic development in harmony with the environment and «Druk Yellow» pugnava that the preservation and promotion of tradition and rich cultural heritage Unsurprisingly Bhutan and effortlessly «Druk Yellow» won the election with over 44% of the votes cast, fully demonstrating that attachment «to things as they are» is clearly dominant in the Bhutanese lifestyle choices.
The public virtues are, however, almost always, clay feet and all this fever of democratic opening is heavily criticized and challenged by ethnic Bhutanese refugees , mostly ethnic Nepalese, who were driven out in 1991 for the Bhutanese refugee camps of UNHCR Nepal, under the policy «one people, one nation,» and who have suffered and continue to suffer in the skin of the epithet «illegal immigrants» that the government of Bhutan them glued to the skin as a stigma.
With a healthy economy qs, apparently enviable quality of life, future priori promising, who’s going to matter if the harpsichord with two of the «people» and three in the horseshoe of «illegal immigrants»? Ai ai, whither thou walkest, Bhutan ..?